ReachabilityAnalysis.BOXType
BOX{N, AM, S, D, R} <: AbstractContinuousPost

Implementation of a reachability method for linear systems using box approximations.

Fields

• δ – step-size of the discretization
• approx_model – (optional, default: Forward) approximation model; see Notes below for possible options
• static
• dim – (optional default: missing) ambient dimension
• recursive – (optional default: false) if true, use the implementation that recursively computes each reach-set; otherwise, use the implementation that unwraps the sequence until the initial set

Notes

The type fields are:

• N – number type of the step-size
• AM – approximation model
• S – value type for the static option
• D – value type for the dimension
• R – value type for the recursive option

The default approximation model is:

Forward(sih=:concrete, exp=:base, setops=:lazy)

This algorithm solves the set-based recurrence equation $X_{k+1} = ΦX_k ⊕ V_k$ by computing a tight hyperrectangular over-approximation of $X_{k+1}$ at each step $k ∈ \mathbb{N}$. The recursive implementation uses the previously computed set $X_k$ to compute $X_{k+1}$. However, it is known that this method incurs wrapping effects. The non-recursive implementation instead computes $X_{k+1}$ by unwrapping the discrete recurrence until $X_0 = Ω₀$, at the expense of computing powers of the matrix $Φ$. These ideas are discussed in [BFFPSV18].

References

This algorithm is essentially a non-decomposed version of the method in [BFFPSV18], using hyperrectangles as set representation. For a general introduction we refer to the dissertation [LG09].

Regarding the approximation model, by default we use an adaptation of the method presented in [FRE11].

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